> &% \pJava Excel API v2.6 Ba==h\:#8X@"1Arial1Arial1Arial1Arial + ) , * `'DC, title[alternative]contributor[author]contributor[department]date[issued] citationsidentifier[issn]abstractkeywordsidentifier[uri]@Influencing Variables on Suicidal Risks of High Shchool Students@D2004-12This study was carried out to identify the characteristics related to high school students' suicidal risks and the variables that influence their suicidal risks and to provide basic data that are contributed to develop suicide prevention programs.
549 male and 627 female high school students in six academic high schools and two technical high schools in Daegu City were participated. The data were collected from 13 to 25 September 2004.
The Suicide Probability Scale developed by Hyo-Jin Go, Dai-Jin Kim and Heung-Pyo Lee(2000), the Self-Esteem Inventory developed by Coopersmith and modified by Bo-Ga Choi and Gwee-Yeon Jeon(1993), and Paloutzian and Ellison(1982)'s Spiritual Well-Being Scale were used.
The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe verification, Kendall tau correlation, Pearson correlation, and Stepwise multiple regression with SPSS Windows 11.0 program.
The results of this study were as follows:
1. Among general characteristics of the respondents, statistically significant variables on suicidal risks was the types of schools.
2. Among the characteristics of the respondents' school life, statistically significant variables on suicidal risks were have best friends, number of close friends, current relationships with close friends, experience of school violence, have respect on teachers, and grades.
3. Among the family background of the respondents, statistically significant variables on suicidal risks were finantial condition, marriage status of parents, father's education level, mother's education level, home atmosphere, and easy to communicate with father, easy to communicate with mother.
4. Among the characteristics of the respondents' health, statistically significant variables on suicidal risks were smoking, drinking, counseling experience when facing the problems, and suffering from physical illnesses.
5. Among the characteristics of the respondents' internalized state, statistically significant variables on suicidal risks were experiencing suicide thinking, experiencing suicidal attempt, level of self-esteem, and level of spiritual well-being.
6. Among the characteristics, there are four variables that have over 0.3 coefficients level in their correlation to suicidal risks and that affect the suicidal risks include: self-esteem(51.7%), experiencing suicide thinking(4.4%), spiritual well-being(3.1%), and home atmosphere(0.2%). Four variables explained the suicidal risks by 59.4%.
In conclusion, the researcher identified many different variables that affect the suicidal risks of high school students. Among many significant variables, especially, self-esteem showed the highest influence, experiencing suicide thinking followed next and then spiritual well-being also showed the third high influence. Therefore the results of this study can be used as basic data and information for suicidal prevention program.;
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