우즈베키스탄 고려인의 건강증진행위와 건강관련 삶의 질

Other Titles
Health-Promoting Behavior and Health-Related Quality of Life of the Korean Diaspora(Koryo-in) in Uzbekistan
Authors
남승희
Issue Date
2008-06
Awarded Date
2008
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate health-promoting behavior and health-related quality of life of the Korean diaspora(Kory-in) in Uzbekistan. The subjects of this study were 367 adults aged 18 and over in Tashkent and survey data were collected from October 1, 2007 to March 31, 2008. As the tool to assess health-promoting behavior, HPLPⅡ was used and as the tool to measure health-related quality of life, SF-36 was used for this study. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage and t-test, One way ANOVA, Pearson Correlation using SPSS 12.0 for windows. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The average score of the health-promoting behavior was 2.66(SD=.41). There were no significant difference on the health-promoting behavior by gender, but Elderly adults had high scores(2.79) in overall health-promoting behavior than young and middle aged adults. Additionally health-promoting behavior were significantly different by marital status(p<.01) and educational level(p<.05). 2. The average score of the health-related quality of life was 66.79(SD=14.88). There were no significant difference on the health-promoting behavior by gender, but young adults had high scores(71.84) in overall health-related quality of life than middle aged and elderly adults. Additionally health-related quality of life were significantly different by district of residence(p<.001) and marital status(p<.001). According to the data collected during the study, the health-promoting behavior in elderly was higher than other aged groups and the health-related quality of life in young adults was higher than other groups. However, there were no significant difference on the health-promoting behavior and the health-related quality of life by gender. The above finding suggested that it is necessary to develop educational program considering various social-culture factors and perspectives to improve the health-promoting behavior and health status of the Korean diaspora in Uzbekistan.
본 연구는 우즈베키스탄에 거주하는 고려인의 건강증진행위와 건강관련 삶의 질을 파악하기 위해 시도되었다. 본 연구 대상자는 우즈베키스탄 타쉬켄트 시와 타쉬켄트 주에 거주하는 만 18세 이상의 고려인 성인 367명으로, 자료수집은 2007년 10월 1일부터 2008년 3월 31일까지 이루어졌다. 연구 도구는 건강증진행위 측정을 위해 HPLP Ⅱ(Walker, Sechrist, & Pender, 1995)을 사용하였고, 건강관련 삶의 질을 측정하기 위해 SF-36(Ware & Sherboune, 1992)을 사용하였다. 수집한 자료는 SPSS 12.0 for Window 통계프로그램을 이용하여 실수, 백분율, 평균, 표준편차을 구하고, t-test, 일원분산분석을 실시하였다. 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 건강증진행위의 전체 평균은 2.66점(SD=.41)이었으며, 성별에 따라서는 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았으나, 노년기 대상자가 2.79점으로 다른 연령의 집단보다 건강증진행위 전체 평균점수가 유의하게 높았으며(p<.001), 결혼상태(p<.01), 교육수준(p<.05)에서도 유의한 차이를 나타내었다. 2. 건강관련 삶의 전체 평균은 66.79점(SD=14.88)이었으며, 성별에 따라서는 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았으나, 청년기의 건강관련 삶의 질 전체 평균점수가 71.84점으로 다른 연령의 집단보다 건강관련 삶의 질 전체 평균점수가 유의하게 높았으며(p<.001), 거주지역(p<.001), 결혼상태(p<.001)에서도 유의한 차이를 나타내었다. 이를 종합하여 보면, 우즈베키스탄에 거주하는 고려인의 건강증진행위는 연령이 높을수록 건강증진행위를 잘 수행하며, 건강관련 삶의 질은 연령이 낮을수록 건강관련 삶의 질 즉, 건강상태가 좋은 것으로 나타났다. 건강증진행위와 건강관련 삶의 질에 있어 성별에 따른 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 이러한 결과를 토대로 우즈베키스탄에 거주하는 고려인의 건강증진을 향상시키기 위해 다양한 사회인구학적 요인을 고려한 차별화된 건강증진 교육 프로그램 개발이 필요하다.
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/11081
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3. 학위논문 > 2. College of Nursing (간호대학) > 석사
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