간헐외사시 환자의 조절눈모음비

Other Titles
The Ratio of Accommodative-Convergence to Accommodation in Patients with Intermittent Exotropia
Authors
정종현
Issue Date
2012-06
Awarded Date
2012
Abstract
간헐외사시 형태 중 거짓눈벌림과다형과 눈모음부족형에서 조절눈모음비를 알아보고 정상인과 비교하고자 하였다. 대상자는 56명으로 거짓눈벌림과다형군, 눈모음부족형군, 정상인군으로 나누었다. 나이, 성별, 굴절이상을 조사하였으며, 프리즘가림검사로 근거리, 원거리 사시각, 동공간 거리를 측정하였다. 조절눈모음비는 근, 원거리편위이용법과 계단적검사법으로 구하였다. 나이, 성별비, 굴절이상은 세 군에서 통계학적으로 유의한 차이가 없었다. 조절눈모음비는 근, 원거리편위이용법에 의해 거짓눈벌림과다형 환자군의 경우 평균 9.46, 눈모음부족형 환자군은 2.59, 정상인군은 5.47이었으며, 계단적검사법에 의해 각각 1.47, 0.03, 2.08이었고, 거짓눈벌림과다형 환자군에서 계단적검사법 의해 구한 값만이 정상인군과 비교하였을 때, 통계학적으로 유의한 차이가 없었다(p = 0.43). 근, 원거리편위이용법으로 측정한 조절눈모음비는 거짓눈벌림과다형과 눈모음부족형 환자군에서 정상군과 뚜렷한 차이를 보였으나, 계단적검사법은 눈모음부족형군에서만 정상군에 비해 낮음을 알 수 있어, 계단적 검사법이 더 정확한 측정법으로 생각된다.
This study sought to measure the ratio of accommodative-convergence to accommodation (AC/A ratio) in patients with pseudodivergence excess type and convergence insufficiency type of intermittent exotropia [X(T)] and to compare this with a group of normal subjects. A total of 56 subjects were divided into 3 groups: a pseudodivergence excess type group, a convergence insufficiency type group and a normal group. Age, gender, and refractive error for patients were examined. The deviation angle was measured at near and distance using a prism cover test. The interpupillary distance was also measured. The AC/A ratio was calculated using heterophoria and gradient methods, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in age, gender, and refractive error among the three groups. The mean value of AC/A ratio using the heterophoria method was 9.46 in pseudodivergence excess type patients, 2.59 in convergence insufficiency type patients, and 5.47 in the normal group. With the gradient method, the values were 1.47, 0.03, 2.08 for each group. There was no statistically significant difference in mean values between patients with pseudodivergence excess type and the normal group, when they were obtained using the gradient method (p = 0.43). The results showed a distinct difference in AC/A ratio computed by the heterophoria method between patients with pseudodivergence excess type or convergence insufficiency type and the normal group. In the gradient method, however, the ratio was lower only for convergence insufficiency type patients compared to the normal group, which indicates that the gradient method is more accurate than the heterophoria method.
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/11539
Appears in Collections:
3. 학위논문 > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > 석사
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