결핵균 검출을 위한 모세관 중합효소연쇄반응의 적정조건
- 전효진; 전동석; 김재룡
- Alternative Author(s)
- Chun, Hyo Jin; Jeon, Dong Seok; Kim, Jae Ryong
- Issued Date
- Capillary; M.tuberculosis; Optimal condition; Polymerase chain reaction
- For detection of M. tuberculosis using hot-air capillary-thermocycler, FTC－2000［Daehan Medical System Co, Korea］, We amplified 188 base pair IS986 fragment from chromosomal DNA of M. tuberculosis H37Rv strain by two-step nested method, and the concentrations of each component of polymerase chain reaction(PCR) mixture and the temperatures and times of each PCR stage were indivisually
When compared to conventional heating-block method, only one tenth of reaction
volume and time were required, i. e. 10ul and 10－30 minute, respectively. Final concentrations of each component at optimal condition were 0.5uM each primer, 0.2mM each dNTP, 50mM Tris-HCI(pH 8.3), 500ug/ml bovine serum albumin(BSA), 4mM MgCl₂and 0.5－1U Taq polymerase per reaction. Optimal temperatures and times of each stage were 94℃ and 1 sec of predenaturation, 45－55℃ and 1 sec of annealing, 72℃ and 10－20 sec of post-elongation, and optimal cycles of each nested－PCR were 30－50.
Among various condition of capillary－PCR, BSA, annealing temperature and MgCl₂effect most critically on PCR result. At an annealing temperature of 45℃ with 3.5mM MgCl₂or 55℃ with 3mM MgCl₂, two-step nested－PCR gave greatest yield and highest sensitivity. At these optimal condition of capillary－PCR, 0.5fg of M. tuberculosis H37Rv DNA(same amout of DNA extracted from a single tubercle
bacillus) was amplified effectively.
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