Dept. of Microbiology (미생물학); Dept. of Immunology (면역학)
School of Medicine
대한미생물학회, Vol.22(3) : 283-294, 1987
One hundred and fifty-seven strains of staphylococci isolated from various clinical specimens and 80 of Gram-negative bacilli from urine of patients with urological diseases were tested for resistance to antimicrobial drugs by microdilution broth method.
Among staphylococci, 50 to 89% of the strains were resistant to gentamicin(Gm), kanamycin(Km), erythromycin(Em), nalidixic acid(Na), and tetracycline. Ninety per cent MIC was lowest in ciprofloxacin(Cp), followed by vancomycin(Vc), trimethoprim(Tp), enoxacin(Ex), and norfloxacin(Nf) with the values of two μg/ml or lower. Twenty-seven strains were resistant to methicillin(MR), with 24 strains of Staphylococcus aureus and 3 of S. epidermidis. All strains of MR S. aureus were resistant to oxacillin, rifampin(Rf), Gm, Km, Em, Na, and Tc, and no strain was resistant to Vc and Tp. Almost all staphylococci isolated from urine were S. epidermidis and sensitive to most drugs tested without MR strain. Among Gram-negative bacilli from urine, Escherichia coli(43 strains) was most frequently isolated, and followed by Klebsiella spp.(11), Proteus spp.(10), Serratia spp.(10), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa(6) in the decreasing order. The majority of E. coli and Serratia spp. were resistant to chloramphenicol(Cm), Tc, streptomycin, sulfisomidine(Su), ampicillin(Ap), Km, and carbenicillin(Cb), and 50 and 90% MICs of these drugs were also high. In Klebsiella spp., 54% or more were resistant to Cm, Su, Ap, cephalothin, and Cb. Proteus spp. were susceptible to most drugs tested, but Pseudomonas were resistant to nearly all drugs tested except Rf, amikacin, and moxalactam(Mx). All Gram-negative bacilli tested were found to be susceptible to Mx. New quinolone carboxylic acid compounds, such as Nf, Ex, and Cp showed very high antimicrobial activities against the majority of organisms tested except Pseudomonas, and 50 and 90% MICs of Nf and Ex were always equal or 2 to 4 times higher than Cp. Organisms multiply resistant to drugs were noted in almost all isolates tested. Twenty-seven strains of staphylococci were multiply resistant to 11 or more drugs, and 6 of Klebsiella spp. to 8 to 11 drugs. The most frequent multiplicity of durg resistance were 7 and 8, 12, and 13 in E. coli, Serratia spp., and Pseudomonas, respectively. No strain was resistant to more than 5 drugs in Proteus spp..