Keimyung Medical Journal, Vol.7(1) : 150~158, 1988
A retrospective examination was made of 13 patients with infected prosthetic cardiac valves of 320 Cardiac valve recipients at the Dongsan Medical center during 1980—March 1988.
Of these patients; 6 were male and 7 were female. The age of these patients were from 12 to 57 and the mean was 32 years old. Twelve patients received cardiac valve at this medical center and the other one was transferred from other Hospital after valve replacement.
Overall incidence of prosthetic valve endocarditis(PVE) was 3.7%. The incidence of PVE after mitral valve replacement was 3.7%; 6% after aortic valve replacement and 1.8% after double valve replacement.
The Incidence of PVE in the recipients of tissue valves and mechanical valves were 3.9% and 1.6%; respectively.
The causative organisms were founded as following; pseudomonas species in 4 patients; entero-coccus species in two; Alcaligenus fecalis in two; Staphylococcus aureus in one; Aspergillus species in one; Candida rhizopos in one; and no growth in three.
Overall mortality rate was 61.5%. But mortality rate in cases recieved antimicrobial therapy only was 75% and in cases with medico-surgical combined therapy was 40%.