Dept. of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학)
Clinical Results of the Xenograft Cardiac Valves
School of Medicine
106-115, Vol.1989(22) : 1-1, Clinical Results of the Xenograft Cardiac Valves
Clinical results with the xenograft cardiac valves were reviewed for 212 patients who underwent heart valve replacement from January 1981 to December 1987. One hundred and twenty-four Carpentier-Edwards k 88 Ionescu Shiley valves were used. Overall operative mortality was 11 out of 212[5.1%]: 5 out of 153[3.39o] for mitral valve replacement [MVR], 2 out of 34[5.9%] for aortic valve replacement [AVR], 0 out of 4[0%] for Tricuspid valve replacement [TVR], and 4 out of 21[19.1%] for double valve replacement [DVR;MVR+ AVR]. Two hundred and one operative survivors were followed up for a total of 824.3 patient-years [a mean 3.9*1.8 yrs], and the follow up was 78.1%. The linealized complication rates were 0.1% emboli / patient-year, 1.0% endocarditis/ patient-year and 2.2% overall valve failure / patient-year. A linealized rate of primary tissue failure was 0.7*/o/ patient-year. The actuarial survival rates including the operative mortality were 92*2.8% at 4 years and 85*4.3% at 7 years after surgery using the Xenograft cardiac valves. Probabilities of freedom from thromboembolism and overall valve failure were 73*11.0% and 69*2.4% at 7 years after surgery using the Xenograft cardiac valves respectively. The intrinsic durability of the Xenograft cardiac valves appears to be relatively well satisfactory over the long term [4 to 7 years] and the risk of failure appears well balanced by the advantages of a low incidence of thromboembolism and no mandatory anticoagulant therapy.