Orexin A regulates plasma insulin and leptin levels in a time-dependent manner following a glucose load in mice

Jae-Hyung ParkHae-Min ShimAnn-YaeJae-Hoon BaeSeung-Soon ImDae-Kyu Song
Dept. of Physiology (생리학)
Issue Date
Diabetologia, Vol.58(7) : 1542-1550, 2015
Aims/hypothesis Orexin A (OXA) is a neuropeptide implicated in the regulation of arousal status and energy metabolism. Orexin receptors are expressed not only in the central nervous system but also in the pancreas and adipose tissue. However, little is known about the physiological function of orexins. This study investigated the role of exogenous OXA in blood glucose control after glucose load in mice. In addition, the effect of OXA on insulin secretion was also identified in mouse pancreatic beta cells. Methods Insulin secretion and intracellular Ca2+ levels were measured in perifused mouse islets. To investigate the effects of exogenous OXA on blood glucose levels in vivo, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests were performed after a subcutaneous injection of OXA in normal and high-fat diet-induced diabetic mice. Results OXA significantly potentiated glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in vitro, which increased intracellular Ca2+ levels, mainly through adenylate cyclase and ryanodine receptor activation. This Ca2+-dependent insulinotropic effect of OXA was blocked in Epac2 (Rapgef4)-deficient beta cells. After a glucose load in mice, exogenous OXA decreased blood glucose levels, compared with the control, by enhancing plasma insulin and decreasing plasma glucagon levels. Additionally, OXA caused a delayed increase in plasma leptin levels, resulting in lower plasma insulin levels when blood glucose levels fell to baseline. Conclusions/interpretation These results suggest that OXA might be a critical regulator of insulin, glucagon and leptin secretion in response to glucose. Thus, exogenous OXA might have therapeutic potential in improving blood glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Epac2GlucagonInsulin secretionLeptinOrexinARapgef4Type 2 diabetes
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학)
Keimyung Author(s)
박재형; 배재훈; 임승순; 송대규
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