Cadmium specifically induces MKP-1 expression via the glutathione depletion-mediated p38 MAPK activation in C6 glioma cells

Authors
Sang-Mi KimJong-Gu ParkWon-Ki BaekMin-Ho SuhHyung LeeSun Kyun YooKyung-Hwan JungSeong-Il SuhByeong-Churl Jang
Department
Dept. of Molecular Medicine (분자의학); Dept. of Microbiology (미생물학); Dept. of Neurology (신경과학)
Issue Date
2008
Citation
Neuroscience Letters, Vol.440(3) : 289-293, 2008
ISSN
0304-3940
Abstract
Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal and an environmental pollutant. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) is a negative regulator of the family of MAPK. In this study, we investigated the effect of heavy metals on MKP-1 expression in C6 rat glioma cells. Cadmium treatment induced MKP-1 at both protein and mRNA levels while cobalt or manganese treatment did not, suggesting the specificity. Cadmium treatment also depleted intracellular GSH and activated p38 MAPK, JNKs, and AKT. Profoundly, pretreatment with thiol-containing compounds NAC or GSH, but not vitamin E, blocked GSH depletion, 38 MAPK activation and MKP-1 expression by cadmium. Moreover, pharmacological inhibition of p38 MAPK by SB203580 suppressed the cadmium-induced MKP-1. Collectively, these results demonstrate that cadmium specifically induces MKP-1 by transcriptional up-regulation in C6 cells in a mechanism associated with the glutathione depletion-dependent p38 MAPK activation. Keywords Cadmium; MKP-1; NAC; Glutathione; p38 MAPK; C6 cells
Keywords
CadmiumMKP-1NACGlutathionep38 MAPKC6 cells
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/33544
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Molecular Medicine (분자의학)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Microbiology (미생물학)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학)
Keimyung Author(s)
박종구; 장병철; 백원기; 서민호; 서성일; 이형
Full Text
http://lps3.www.sciencedirect.com.proxy.dsmc.or.kr/science/article/pii/S0304394008007271?via%3Dihub
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