Depressive symptoms as a risk factor for the common cold among employees: A 4-month follow-up study
- Hwan-Cheol Kim; Shin-Goo Park; Jong-Han Leem; Dal-Young Jung; Sang-Hee Hwang
- Dept. of Dentistry (치과학)
- Issue Date
- Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol.71(3) : 194-196, 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between symptoms of depression in workers and the common cold.
A follow-up survey of workers at 44 small- to medium-sized companies was conducted; 1350 questionnaires were used in the final analysis. The first survey requested information regarding personal information, work characteristics and symptoms of depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale); the second survey queried participants who answered the first survey about manifestations of the common cold during the previous four months. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated using a logistic regression model, which was adjusted for potential confounders. All analyses were stratified according to gender separately.
The ORs for reporting symptoms of the common cold were 1.36 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01–1.83) and 2.27 (95% CI: 1.49–3.45) in males and females, respectively. When adjusted for age, marital status, educational level, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, exercise, sleep duration and job type, the ORs remained significant for both genders (male: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.01–1.89; female: 2.08; 95% CI: 1.32–3.23).
The risk of self-reported manifestations of the common cold was higher in workers who reported symptoms of depression.
- Small- to medium-sized company; South Korea; Common cold; Depression; Follow-up study
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- 1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Dentistry (치과학)
- Keimyung Author(s)
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