Better Temporal Neural Coding with Cochlear Implants in Awake Animals

Yoojin ChungKenneth E. HancockSung-Il NamBertrand Delgutte
Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학)
Issue Date
Advances in Experimentral Medicine and Biology, Vol.787() : 353-361, 2013
Both the performance of cochlear implant (CI) listeners and the responses of auditory neurons show limits in temporal processing at high frequencies. However, the upper limit of temporal coding of pulse train stimuli in the inferior colliculus (IC) of anesthetized animals appears to be lower than that observed in corresponding perceptual tasks. We hypothesize that the neural rate limits have been underestimated due to the effect of anesthesia. To test this hypothesis, we developed a chronic, awake rabbit preparation for recording responses of single IC neurons to CI stimulation without the confound of anesthesia, and compared these data with earlier recordings from the IC of anesthetized cats. Stimuli were periodic trains of biphasic pulses with rates varying from 20 to 1280 pulses per second (pps). We found that the maximum pulse rates that elicited sustained firing and phase-locked responses were 2–3 times higher in the IC of awake rabbits than in anesthetized cats. Moreover, about 25% of IC neurons in awake rabbit showed sustained responses to periodic pulse trains at much higher pulse rates (> 1000 pps) than observed in anesthetized animals. Similar differences were observed in single units whose responses to pulse trains were monitored while the animal was given an injection of an ultra short-acting anesthetic. In general, the physiological rate limits of IC neurons in awake rabbit are more consistent with the psychophysical limits in human CI subjects compared to the data from anesthetized animals. Keywords cochlear implants; temporal coding; inferior colliculus; anesthesia
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