Ischemic Esophageal Necrosis Secondary to Traumatic Aortic Transection
- 박남희; 김재현; 최세영; 박창권; 이광숙; 유영선; 한성욱
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- Park, Nam Hee; Kim, Jae Hyun; Choi, Sae Young; Park, Chang Kwon; Lee, Kwang Sook; Yoo, Young Sun; Han, Seong Wook
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- Esophageal necrosis with perforation secondary to traumatic aortic transection is extremely rare but usually fatal. A 47-year-old man complained of sudden swallowing difficulty 6 days after blunt trauma. Computed tomography showed a ruptured aorta and the midesophagus shifted to the right side with luminal obliteration because of the ruptured aorta. After primary repair of the partially transected aorta, unexpected mediastinitis because of esophageal perforation was noted. Upper endoscopy showed midesophageal ulceration, necrosis, and perforation. Biopsy samples were consistent with ischemia. The possibility of direct esophageal trauma or intraoperative esophageal injury was ruled out. Esophageal exclusion with thoracoscopic decortication and multiple antibiotics were ineffective, and the patient eventually died. Ischemic esophageal necrosis caused by mechanical compression can occur in a traumatic aortic transection. Dysphagia, when present with radiologic signs, indicates a displaced and compressed esophagus. In spite of aggressive surgical and medical treatment for a perforated esophagus, the prognosis remains poor.
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