Inhibitory effects of novel E2F decoy oligodeoxynucleotides
on mesangial cell proliferation by coexpression of E2F/DP
- Kwan-Kyu Park; Jong Deok Ahn; In-Kyu Lee; Junji Magae; Nicholas H.Heintz; Jong-Young Kwak; Young-Choon Lee; Young-Su Cho; Hyun-Chul Kim; Young-Mi Chae; Young Ho Kim; Cheorl-Ho Kim; Young-Chae Chang
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- Proliferation of glomerular mesangial cells (MCs) is an important feature of several forms of glomerulonephritis. The transcription factor E2F coordinately regulates expression of genes required for cell proliferation, thereby mediating cell growth control. Here we investigated the role of E2F1 and E2F4 expression, with or without co-expression of DP1 or DP2, on cell proliferation in transiently transfected primary rat MCs. In transfected cells, cell proliferation induced by over-expression of E2F was significantly enhanced by co-expression of DP proteins. Previous studies showed that the transfection of decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) corresponding to E2F binding sites inhibits cell proliferation. Here we have developed a Ring-E2F (R-E2F) decoy ODN with a circular dumbbell structure and compared its effects with those of a phosphorothioated E2F decoy (PS-E2F decoy) ODN. The R-E2F decoy ODN showed enhanced stability in the presence of nucleases and sera, and inhibited E2F/DP-dependent promoter activity of cell cycle genes more effectively than the PS-E2F decoy ODN. Transfection of R-E2F decoy ODN resulted in strong inhibition of cell cycle gene expression and MC proliferation. Our data suggest that E2F/DP complexes play a critical role in the MC proliferation and that the R-E2F decoy ODN may be a powerful tool for inhibiting cell proliferation.
Mesangial cell proliferation
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