계명대학교 의학도서관 Repository

Leptomycin B-induced apoptosis is mediated through caspase activation and down-regulation of Mcl-1 and XIAP expression, but not through the generation of ROS in U937 leukemia cells

Metadata Downloads
Author(s)
장병철박종욱권택규송대규박종구김상표배재훈문교철서민호서성일
Alternative Author(s)
Jang, Byeong ChurlPark, Jong WookKwon, Taeg KyuSong, Dae KyuPark, Jong GuKim, Sang PyoBae, Jae HoonMun, Kyo CheolSuh, Min HoSuh, Seong Il
Publication Year
2004
Abstract
Leptomycin B (LMB), which is originally isolated from Streptomyces, possesses anti-tumor properties in vivo and in vitro. Though it was previously reported that LMB induces cell cycle arrest and p53-mediated apoptosis in certain cancer cells, however, the mechanism by which LMB induces apoptosis remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated the mechanisms of apoptosis induced by LMB in U937 cells. Treatment with LMB concentration-dependently induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in U937 cells that correlated temporally with activation of caspases and down-regulation of Mcl-1 and XIAP. LMB did not change the expressions of Bcl-2 or Bax. A broad spectrum caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-fmk, blocked caspase-3 activation and elevated the survival in LMB-treated U937 cells, suggesting that caspase-3 activation is critical for LMB-induced apoptosis. Interestingly, Bcl-2 overexpression that blocked cytochrome c release by LMB effectively attenuated the apoptotic response to LMB, suggesting that LMB-induced apoptosis is mediated through the mitochondrial pathway. Antioxidants or antioxidant enzymes had no effects on LMB-induced apoptosis. Data of flow cytometry analysis using 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein-diacetate further revealed no reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by LMB, indicating that apoptosis induced by LMB is ROS-independent. However, the apoptotic response to LMB was not shown in U937 cells pretreated with the sulfhydryl group-containing antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Further analysis suggested that NAC directly binds LMB and abolishes the apoptotic effects of LMB. Collectively, these findings suggest that LMB potently induces apoptosis in U937 cells, and LMB-induced apoptosis in U937 cells is related with cytochrome c release, activation of caspases, and selective down-regulation of Mcl-1 and XIAP. Keywords
Leptomycin B;
Apoptosis;
Caspases;
Mcl-1;
XIAP;
NAC
Authorize & License
  • AuthorizeOpen
  • EmbargoForever
Files in This Item:

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.