The effect of oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced heme oxygenase-1 on LPS-induced inflammation in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells
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- Kwon, Taeg Kyu
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- Macrophages take up oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) after being exposed to it in the blood vessels. oxLDL transforms macrophages into foam cells, which are a hallmark of atherosclerosis. The effects that oxLDL have on the inflammatory responses of foam cells are not clear. Here, we investigated how oxLDL modulates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory mediators in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages. Our results showed that oxLDL dramatically induced HO-1 expression, but did not increase pro-inflammatory mediators such as interleukin-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α, iNOS, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1. In RAW 264.7 macrophages, oxLDL markedly inhibited LPS-induced inflammatory mediators such as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), IL-1β, IL-6, granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor and stromal cell-derived factor-1. Interestingly, however, the down-regulation of HO-1 by siRNA did not recover the inhibition of LPS-induced expression and/or the secretion of inflammatory mediators. oxLDL blocked LPS-induced NF-κB nuclear translocation by inhibiting inhibitory κB (IκB) degradation. Taken together, our results suggest that oxLDL could modulate LPS-induced inflammatory responses by inhibiting NF-κB signaling independently of HO-1 expression.
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