Phase II Clinical and Exploratory Biomarker Study of Dacomitinib in Patients with Recurrent and/or Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck

Han Sang KimHyeong Ju KwonInkyung JungMi Ran YunMyung-Ju AhnByung Woog KangJong-Mu SunSung Bae KimDok-Hyun YoonKeon Uk ParkSe-Hoon LeeYoon Woo KohSe Hun KimEun Chang ChoiDong Hoe KooJin Hee SohnBomi KimNak-Jung KwonHwan Jung YunMin Goo LeeJi Hyun LeeTae-Min KimHye Ryun KimJoo Hang KimSoonmyung PaikByoung Chul Cho
Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학)
Issue Date
Clinical Cancer Research, Vol.21(3) : 544-552, 2015
Purpose: The goals of this study were to investigate the clinical activity, safety, and biomarkers of dacomitinib, an irreversible tyrosine kinase inhibitor of EGFR, HER2, and HER4, in recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (R/M-SCCHN). Experimental Design: Patients were eligible if the diseases were not amenable to curative treatment and had progressed on platinum-based chemotherapy, and were treated with dacomitinib 45 mg/day. The primary endpoint was objective response rate by RECISTv1.1. Exploratory analysis included the characterization of somatic mutation, gene copy number, gene expression, p16INK4A expression by IHC, and investigation of their relationship with clinical outcomes. Results: Forty-eight patients were evaluable for efficacy and toxicity. Ten patients (20.8%) had partial responses and 31 patients (65%) had stable diseases. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 3.9 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 2.9–5.0] and 6.6 months (95% CI, 5.4–10.3). Adverse events were mostly grade 1–2. Mutations in the PI3K pathway (PIK3CA, PTEN) and high expression of inflammatory cytokines (IL6, IL8, IL1A, IL1B, IL4, and TNF) were significantly associated with shorter PFS (2.9 vs. 4.9 months without mutations, P = 0.013; 2.8 vs. 9.9 months with low expression, P = 0.004). Those harboring PI3K pathway mutations or high inflammatory cytokine expression had shorter median OS (6.1 vs. 12.5 months lacking PI3K pathway mutations and with low inflammatory cytokine expression, P = 0.005). Conclusions: Dacomitinib demonstrated clinical efficacy with manageable toxicity in platinum-failed R/M-SCCHN patients. Screening of PI3K pathway mutation and inflammatory cytokine expression may help identify which R/M-SCCHN patients are likely to gain benefit from dacomitinib. Clin Cancer Res; 21(3); 544–52. ©2014 AACR. This article is featured in Highlights of This Issue, p. 491
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