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Myocardial enhancement pattern in patients with acute myocardial infarction on two-phase contrast-enhanced ECG-gated multidetector-row computed tomography

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Author(s)
S.M. KoJ.B. SeoM.K. HongK.H. DoS.H. LeeJ.S. LeeJ.W. SongS.J. ParkS.W. ParkT.H. Lim
Publication Year
2006
Abstract
AIM

To evaluate the myocardial enhancement pattern of the left ventricle on two-phase contrast-enhanced electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) images in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS

Two-phase contrast-enhanced ECG-gated MDCT examinations were performed in 16 patients with AMI. The presence, location and pattern of myocardial enhancement were evaluated. MDCT findings were compared with the catheter angiographic results.

RESULTS

Subendocardial (n=9) or transmural (n=6) area of early perfusion defects of the myocardium was detected in 15 of 16 patients (94%) on early-phase CT images. Variable delayed myocardial enhancement patterns on late-phase CT images were observed in 12 patients (75%): (1) subendocardial residual perfusion defect and subepicardial late enhancement (n=6); (2) transmural late enhancement (n=1); (3) isolated subendocardial late enhancement (n=1); and (4) isolated subendocardial residual perfusion defect (n=2). On catheter angiography, 14 of 15 corresponding coronary arteries showed significant stenosis.

CONCLUSION

Variable abnormal myocardial enhancement pattern was seen on two-phase, contrast-enhanced ECG-gated MDCT in patients with AMI. Assessment of myocardial attenuation on CT angiography gives additional information of the location and extent of infarction
Department
Dept. of Radiology (영상의학)
Publisher
School of Medicine
Citation
Clinical Radiology, Vol.61(5) : 417-422, 2006
Type
Article
ISSN
0009-9260
DOI
10.1016/j.crad.2005.11.011
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/35520
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