신장암 세포주에서 actinomycin D에 의한 SOCS3 발현 감소를 통한 STAT3 활성화

Other Titles
Actinomycin D Induces Phosphorylation of STAT3 through Down-Regulation of SOCS3 in Renal Cancer Cells
Authors
우선민박은정권택규
Department
Dept. of Immunology (면역학)
Issue Date
2011
Citation
생명과학회지, Vol.21(1) : 141-145, 2011
ISSN
1225-9918
Abstract
Actinomycin D is a natural antibiotic that is used in anti-cancer chemotherapy and is known as a transcription inhibitor. Interestingly, actinomycin D induces phosphorylation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) in renal cancer Caki cells. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanism of actinomycin D-induced STAT3 phosphorylation. Treatment with actinomycin D induced phosphorylation of STAT3 (Tyr705) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. However, actinomycin D did not induce phosphorylation of STAT3 (Ser727), STAT1 (Tyr701) and STAT1 (Ser727). Moreover, actinomycin D-induced STAT3 phosphorylation was caused by decreased protein and mRNA levels of SOCS3, but not by JAK2 and SHP-1. In addition, other transcription inhibitor (5,6-dichloro-1-b-D-ribofuranosyl benzimidazole; DRB) also induced phosphorylation of STAT3 (Tyr705). Taken together, the present study demonstrates that transcriptional inhibitors (actinomycin D and DRB) induce phosphorylation of STAT3 (Tyr705) in Caki cells by down-regulation of SOCS3.
본 연구에서는 전사억제제(transcriptional inhibitor)로 알려진 actinomycin D가 전사조절인자(transcription factor)인 STAT의 인산화를 유도한다는 것을 확인하였다. Actinomycin D 처리 시 STAT1의 Tyr701, Ser727 인산화는 유도되지 않았지만 STAT3의 Tyr705 잔기의 인산화를 특이적으로 유도하는 것을 확인하였다. Actinomycin D에 의한 STAT3의 Tyr705 인산화 유도가 어떠한 기전을 통한 것인지 확인하기 위해서 관련 인자의 단백질 및 mRNA 발현을 확인한 결과 SOCS3의 단백질 및 mRNA 발현의 감소를 확인하였다. STAT3의 탈인산화를 유도한다고 알려진 tyrosine phosphatase인 SHP-1와 STAT의 upstream kinase인 JAK2의 인산화는 변화가 없었다. 또한 actinomycin D 뿐 아니라 다른 전사억제제인 DRB를 처리 하였을 경우에도 STAT3의 Tyr705 인산화가 유도되는 것을 확인하였다. 이상의 결과는 전사억제제에 의하여 특이적인 SOCS3 단백질 발현감소는 SOCS3의 하류의 target인 STAT3 인산화를 유도하였다.
Keywords
Actinomycin DSTAT3SOCS3Caki cells
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/36523
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Immunology (면역학)
Keimyung Author(s)
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