Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학); Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학)
가정의학회지, Vol.11(12) : 21-33, 1990
This study was carried out to investigate the pattern of breast feeding of the infants and mothers in urban and rural areas. The study populations were 546 mothers in Taegu City and 258 mothers in nineteen Myuns of six county in Kyungpook province who have children aged between 6 and 12 months during the period from January to June 1990.
In majority of the subjects, the decision regarding breast feeding was made before marriage and during pregnancy in both urban and rural areas and the percentage of decision before marrige was increasing according to educational levels in both areas.
In most of subjects, the initial breast milk secretion began on 3th or 4th day after delivery in both urban and rural areas and the initial day of breast milk secretion have no relationship with the occupation of mother and family income.
The main diet for 3 weeks after delivery was rice and brown-seaweed soup in both areas. and the main snacks were milk and fruits in urban area and the rice and soup in rural area. The problems following breast feeding in order were diarrhea, vomiting and irritability in infants, fatigue, sleep disturbance and dizziness in mothers.
The sources of obtaining information about breast feeding were mainly grandmother, mass-media and husband in urban area, but mass-media, grandmother and mainly MCH persons in rural area.
It is necessary to design the educational efforts to increase the occasion of the breast feeding and should reach future mother before marriage or pregnancy and strengthen the education about breast feeding method, management after feeding, and nutrition during feeding period.
Further, studies to detect the factors that affect breast feeding are required.