Nicotine이 배양된 섬유아세포에서 탄력소 유전자 발현에 미치는 영향
- 김지욱; 류영욱; 이규석
- Publication Year
- Elastin gene expression; Nicotine
- Background: The elastic fibers are a major fibrillar component of the extracellular matrix of several organs, and their presence provides elastic properties to these tissues. A variety of cytokines, growth factors, and hormones have been shown to modulate elastin gene expression. So far most interest increased the effects of external environment on elastin metabolism in the skin. It has become generally accepted that cigarette smoking contributes to accelerated coronary and peripheral vascular disease, pulmonary fibrosis and periodontal disease. Nicotine is a major component of the particulate phase of tobacco smoke. Objective : Only little is known about the molecular and cellular mechanism underlying the effect of nicotine on the skin fibroblasts. Our study was performed to determine the effects of nicotine on elastin gene expression. Method: In this study, the effects of nicotine were examined by Northern blot hybridization, chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) assay, and laser scanning microscopy in cultured human fibroblasts. Results : In Northern blot hybridization, steady-state levels of elastin mRNA were decreased 0.9-fold at 1 ㎍/mL of nicotine, 0.7-fold at 10 ㎍/mL and 0.5-fold at 100 ㎍/mL, compared to untreated control. Nicotine caused a marked alteration in the elastin mRNA expression in a dose-related fashion. In CAT assay, the relative elastin CAT activity was 1.0 in the untreated control, 0.9 at a concenturation of 1 ㎍/mL, 0.3 at 10 ㎍/mL, and 0.2 at 100 ㎍/mL. Nicotine caused a marked decrease on elastin promoter activity. In laser scanning microscopy, the immunosignal for elastin in nicotine-treated fibroblasts shows in less intense than in untreated control. Conclusion: These results indicate that nicotine may be a powerful down-regulator of elastin production, suggesting transcriptional depression of gene expression in cultured skin fibroblasts.
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