P. acnes와 HaCaT 세포에서 염증성 사이토카인 발현에 관한 Blue Light의 효과
- 박영도; 이규석
- Publication Year
- Blue light; Cytokine; HaCaT cell; Propionibacterium acnes
- Background: Acne is a multifactorial disease. Particularly, Propionibacterium acne acts on triglycerides and releases cytokines, which trigger inflammatory reactions and alter the infundibular keratinization status. Recently, visible
light, especially blue light, has been shown to activate the endogenous porphyrins of P. acne, which results in a photodynamic reaction that destroys the bacteria. However, the effect of blue light on inflamed lesion, inflammatory
papules, pustules, are largely unknown. Objective: We investigated the bactericidal effect of blue light on P. acnes as well as the inhibitory effect on the expression of inflammatory cytokines in HaCaT cells.
Methods: We performed the colony count assay in blue light irradiated-culture media of P. acnes and RT-PCR analysis in blue light irradiated-HaCaT immortalized keratinocytes. Results: A 7 minute irradiation with blue light was bactericidal to P. acnes. It decreased the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-αand toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 in HaCaT cells. Expression of TNF-α-induced TNF-α and TLR 2 were down-regulated by blue light in HaCaT cells.
Conclusion: Blue light is a potential anti-acne treatment.
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