인간 피부섬유아세포에서 자외선 B 조사에 대한 Epigallocatechin Gallate의 영향
- 조재위; 김병천; 이규석; 류영욱; 서성일; 백원기; 서민호; 김상표
- Alternative Author(s)
- Cho, Jae We; Kim, Byung Chun; Lee, Kyu Suk; Ryoo, Young Wook; Suh, Seong Il; Baek, Won Ki; Suh, Min Ho; Kim, Sang Pyo
- Publication Year
- Epigallocatechin gallate(EGCG); UVB; Dermal fibroblast
- Background : The main polyphenol components in green tee are (-)-epicatechin, (-)-epigallocatechin, (-)-epicatechin gallate and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). It is well known that flavonoids such as catechins can be protective against inflammatory and cancer and cardiovascular diseases. These protective effects are largely due to their inhibition of some enzymes and antioxidative activities by scavenging free radicals. Ultraviolet(UV) exposure of the skin, particulary UVB (290-320nm), causes adverse biological effects, including alterations in cutaneous immune cells, photoaging and photocarcinogenesis. Several studies have shown that EGCG afforded protection against UVB-induced inflammatory responses and photocarcinogenesis in murine models. Objective & Methods : In this study, we investigated the effects of EGCG on UVB irradiated human skin fibroblasts using viability test, thiobarbituric acid assay, propidium iodide(PI) stain, and western blot analyses and RT-PCR. Results : Cell survival curves after UVB irradiation showed dose dependent decrement pattern by trypan blue exclusion assay. Only 42% of dermal fibroblasts survived at 150 mJ/cm2 UVB irradiation. The damage was associated with cell membrane lipid peroxidation, as shown by accumulation malondialdehyde(MDA). By pre-cultivation with EGCG (50nmol), a significant preventive effect was noted on the increase in the absolute number of surviving cells(up to 81.5% of cells survived) and the levels of MDA markedly decreased, Morphological changes associated with apoptotic cell death were easily distinguished by PI stain. Bases on our finding, we investgated the regulation of p53, p21, bax, bc1-2, cyclin Dl, E, Cdk2, and PARP proteins by western blot analyses. The expression p53 protein was elevated by following UVB exposure which was inhibited by EGCG treatment. Using RT-PCR, the transcription of p53, fas and jun gene showed similar results which obtained by western blot analyses. Conclusion : EGCG, which have newly accepted as a potential UV protection properties, is effective membrane peroxidation inhibitor and prevent apoptotic changes when present in relevant concentration at the site of action beginning and during UVB irradiation. And the protective mechanism of EGCG against UVB-induced cell damage maybe, at least in part, related with p53, fas and jun pathway.
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