자외선 B 조사에 따른 HaCaT 각질형성세포주 및 편평상피세포암 세포주에서 Anti-proliferative Genes의 발현 양상 비교
- 김창욱; 조재위; 이규석
- Alternative Author(s)
- Kim, Chang Wook; Cho, Jae We; Lee, Kyu Suk
- Publication Year
- Anti-proliferative genes; DNA damage; HaCaT cells; UVB
- Background: Impairment of the DNA repair system after UVB irradiation is the key factor in transformation of
normal keratinocytes to squamous cancer cells (SCC). Among anti-proliferative genes (APRO), BTG1, BTG2, and
TOB genes are involved in the repairing of DNA damage and, BTG3 and TOB 2 are involved in differentiation and
cell cycle arrest in human cells, respectively. However, the expressions of APRO genes in SCC and human keratinocytes
after UVB irradiation are largely unknown.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression levels of APRO genes in UVB-irradiated
HaCaT keratinocyte lines and SCC cell lines.
Methods: Cells were irradiated with UVB at various doses (0, 100, 200, 300 mJ/cm2), then total RNA was extracted
from the cells. The expression of genes were confirmed by RT-PCR analysis using specific primers. The
results were obtained from two independent experiments.
Results: The expression of BTG1, BTG2, and TOB2, but not BTG3 and TOB, were markedly increased in
UVB-irradiated HaCaT cells, compared to UVB-irradiated SCC. To confirm the expression levels of BTG1, BTG2,
and TOB2 genes correlated with extent of DNA damage or susceptibility to cell death by UVB, we carried out
staining of surviving UVB-irradiated HaCaT and SCC cell lines. Interestingly, it was found that the number of
surviving HaCaT colonies was higher than SCC cell lines.
Conclusion: The number of surviving colonies, as well as the expression of BTG1, BTG2, and TOB2 after UVB
irradiation were higher in HaCaT cells than the SCC cell lines, suggesting that the gene expression of BTG1,
BTG2, and TOB2 in HaCaT cells might be involved in reducing the death of UVB-irradiated cells by repairing
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