Ketoacidosis with euglycemia in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus taking dapagliflozin

Authors
Sang Mok YeoHayeon ParkJin Hyuk PaekWoo Yeong ParkSeungyeup HanSung Bae ParkKyubok Jin
Department
Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학)
Issue Date
2019
Citation
Medicine (Baltimore)., Vol.98(3) : e14150-e14150, 2019
ISSN
1536-5964
Abstract
Rationale: Dapagliflozin (a sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 [SGLT2] inhibitor) represents the most recently approved class of oral medications for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Dapagliflozin lowers plasma glucose concentration by inhibiting the renal reuptake of glucose in the proximal renal tubules. In 2015, the US Food and Drug Administration released a warning concerning a potential increased risk of ketoacidosis in patients taking this medication. Patient concerns: We present the case of a 23-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes treated with dapagliflozin (10mg, once a day) for 2 years who presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain. Diagnoses: We diagnosed her with severe ketoacidosis with a normal glucose level (177 mg/dL) due to dapagliflozin, accompanying acute pancreatitis due to hypertriglyceridemia. We concluded that the precipitating factor for euglycemic ketoacidosis was pseudomembranous colitis. Interventions: She was treated with intravenous infusions of insulin, isotonic saline, and sodium bicarbonate as diabetic ketoacidosis treatment. Outcomes: She was in shock with severe metabolic acidosis. After continuous renal replacement therapy, the uncontrolled metabolic ketoacidosis was treated, and she is currently under follow-up while receiving metformin (500mg, once a day) and shortand long-acting insulins (8 units 3 times and 20 units once a day). Lessons: We report an unusual case of SGLT2 inhibitor-induced euglycemic ketoacidosis recovered by continuous renal replacement therapy in a patient with type 2 diabetes and recurrent acute pancreatitis due to hypertriglyceridemia. We diagnosed a rare complication of the SGLT2 inhibitor in a patient with type 2 diabetes in whom uncontrolled metabolic ketoacidosis could be effectively managed via continuous renal replacement therapy.
Keywords
dapagliflozinketoacidosisrenal replacement therapySGLT2 inhibitor
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/41909
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학)
Keimyung Author(s)
백진혁; 박우영; 한승엽; 박성배; 진규복
Full Text
https://journals.lww.com/md-journal/fulltext/2019/01180/Ketoacidosis_with_euglycemia_in_a_patient_with.67.aspx
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