One-Year Results of Treatment of Diabetic Macular Edema with Aflibercept Using the Treat-and-Extend Dosing Regimen: the VIBIM Study
- Alternative Author(s)
- Kim, Yu Cheol
- Publication Year
- Aflibercept; Diabetic macular edema; Treat-and-extend regimen
The purpose of this study was to report the one-year results of treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME) with aflibercept using a treat-and-extend regimen (TER).
This was a prospective, multicenter, single-arm study planned for 2 years. The eyes received 5 consecutive intravitreal injections of 2 mg of aflibercept every 4 weeks, and the interval between injections was then adjusted by 2 weeks based on changes in the central subfield macular thickness (CSMT). If the CSMT was worse, stable, or better, the interval was shortened, extended, or maintained, respectively. The primary outcome measure was the change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) from baseline to 104 weeks, and the secondary outcome was the change in BCVA from baseline to 52 weeks.
Of the 48 patients enrolled, 46 completed a 1-year visit. BCVA improved significantly by 9.1 letters (95% confidence interval: 5.3–13.0 letters) from 56.2 letters at baseline (p < 0.001), and CSMT decreased by –171.7 μm from 489.4 to 317.7 μm (p < 0.001). The proportion of eyes having 20/40 or better vision increased from 17.4 to 41.3%, and the proportion of eyes that gained ≥15 letters was 28.3%. The mean number of injections was 8.5 times for 52 weeks. Worsening of macular edema did not occur in 76.1% of eyes during the extension period, and the interval between injections was extended to 12 weeks in 73.9% of eyes at 52 weeks.
The TER showed 1-year efficacy comparable to that of the fixed dosing regimen of pivotal trials, and its flexible dosing would prevent overtreatment.
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