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Machine Learning Model to Predict Pseudoprogression Versus Progression in Glioblastoma Using MRI: A Multi-Institutional Study (KROG 18-07)

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Affiliated Author(s)
김진희
Alternative Author(s)
Kim, Jin Hee
Journal Title
Cancers
ISSN
2072-6694
Issued Date
2020
Keyword
machine learningglioblastomaradiotherapypseudoprogression
Abstract
Simple Summary:
Even after the introduction of a standard regimen consisting of concurrent chemoradiotherapy and adjuvant temozolomide, patients with glioblastoma multiforme mostly experience disease progression. Clinicians often encounter a situation where they need to distinguish progressive disease from pseudoprogression after treatment. We tried to investigate the feasibility of machine learning algorithm to distinguish pseudoprogression from progressive disease. In multi-institutional dataset, the developed machine learning model showed an acceptable performance. This algorithm involving MRI data and clinical features could help making decision during patients' disease course. For the practical use, we calibrated the machine learning model to offer the probability of pseudoprogression to clinicians, then we constructed the web-based user interface to access the model.

Abstract:
Some patients with glioblastoma show a worsening presentation in imaging after concurrent chemoradiation, even when they receive gross total resection. Previously, we showed the feasibility of a machine learning model to predict pseudoprogression (PsPD) versus progressive disease (PD) in glioblastoma patients. The previous model was based on the dataset from two institutions (termed as the Seoul National University Hospital (SNUH) dataset, N = 78). To test this model in a larger dataset, we collected cases from multiple institutions that raised the problem of PsPD vs. PD diagnosis in clinics (Korean Radiation Oncology Group (KROG) dataset, N = 104). The dataset was composed of brain MR images and clinical information. We tested the previous model in the KROG dataset; however, that model showed limited performance. After hyperparameter optimization, we developed a deep learning model based on the whole dataset (N = 182). The 10-fold cross validation revealed that the micro-average area under the precision-recall curve (AUPRC) was 0.86. The calibration model was constructed to estimate the interpretable probability directly from the model output. After calibration, the final model offers clinical probability in a web-user interface.
Department
Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학)
Publisher
School of Medicine (의과대학)
Citation
Bum-Sup Jang. (2020). Machine Learning Model to Predict Pseudoprogression Versus Progression in Glioblastoma Using MRI: A Multi-Institutional Study (KROG 18-07). Cancers, 12(9), 2706-. doi: 10.3390/cancers12092706
Type
Article
DOI
10.3390/cancers12092706
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/43002
Appears in Collections:
1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학)
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