Voltage-dependent calcium channel β subunit-derived peptides reduce excitatory neurotransmission and arterial blood pressure
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- Alternative Author(s)
- Park, Ki Bum
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- Life sciences
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- Voltage-dependent calcium channelβ; subunitSubunit interaction; Ca2+ current; Excitatory postsynaptic current; Arterial blood pressure
Voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs) play an important role in various physiological functions in the nervous system and the cardiovascular system. In L-, N-, P/Q-, and R-type VDCCs, β subunit assists the channels for membrane targeting and modulates channel properties. In this study, we investigated whether an inhibition of the β subunit binding to α subunit, the pore-forming main subunit of VDCCs, have any effect on channel activation and physiological functions.
Peptides derived from the specific regions of β subunit that bind to the α-interaction domain in I-II linker of α subunit were manufactured, presuming that the peptides interrupt α-β subunit interaction in the channel complex. Then, they were tested on voltage-activated Ca2+ currents recorded in acutely isolated trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons, excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) in the spinal dorsal horn neurons, and arterial blood pressure (BP) recorded from the rat femoral artery.
When applied internally through patch pipettes, the peptides decreased the peak amplitudes of the voltage-activated Ca2+ currents. After fusing with HIV transactivator of transcription (TAT) sequence to penetrate cell membrane, the peptides significantly decreased the peak amplitudes of Ca2+ currents and the peak amplitudes of EPSCs upon the external application through bath solution. Furthermore, the TAT-fused peptides dose dependently reduced the rat BP when administered intravenously.
These data suggest that an interruption of α-β subunit association in VDCC complex inhibits channel activation, thereby reducing VDCC-mediated physiological functions such as excitatory neurotransmission and arterial BP.
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