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Analysis of the Common Femoral Artery and Vein: Anatomical Morphology, Vessel Relationship, and Factors Affecting Vessel Size

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Affiliated Author(s)
이상훈김태권전재천진상찬최우익이재호
Alternative Author(s)
Lee, Sang HunKim, Tae KwonJeon, Jae CheonJin, Sang ChanChoi, Woo IkLee, Jae Ho
Journal Title
Medicina (Kaunas)
ISSN
1648-9144
Issued Date
2022
Keyword
femoral arteryfemoral veincomputed tomography
Abstract
Background and Objectives: We aimed to analyze the morphology of the common femoral artery (CFA) and common femoral vein (CFV) and the anatomical relationship between the two blood vessels, and to investigate the factors that influence the size of these blood vessels. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study included 584 patients who underwent abdominal and pelvic computed tomography from 1 February to 28 February 2021. We measured the vessels at three regions on both lower extremities (inguinal ligament, distal vessel bifurcation, midpoint) and analyzed and classified the degree of overlap between the CFA and CFV into three types, as well as the factors affecting vessel size. Results: After comparing the femoral vessels according to location, it was confirmed that the CFA and CFV were larger distally than proximally on both sides (p < 0.001). The degree of overlap increased distally (p < 0.001) but was less at the middle (p < 0.001) and distal (p = 0.011) regions on the right side. It was found that the size of CFA and CFV were related to age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) and that malignancy also affects the CFA size. Conclusions: The morphology of the CFA and CFV was conical and increased distally. The degree of overlap between the two blood vessels also increased distally but was less on the right than on the left. Age, sex, and BMI are significant factors affecting the sizes of the CFA and CFV, and malignancy is associated with the CFA size.
Department
Dept. of Emergency Medicine (응급의학)
Dept. of Anatomy (해부학)
Publisher
School of Medicine (의과대학)
Citation
[1]Sang-hun Lee et al., “Analysis of the Common Femoral Artery and Vein: Anatomical Morphology, Vessel Relationship, and Factors Affecting Vessel Size,” Medicina (Kaunas), vol. 58. School of Medicine (의과대학), p. 325, 2022. doi: 10.3390/medicina58020325.
Type
Article
DOI
10.3390/medicina58020325
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/44206
Appears in Collections:
1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학)
1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Emergency Medicine (응급의학)
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