자폐장애아의 뇌파 소견

Other Titles
EEG Findings in Autistic Children
Authors
정철호채성수박영남
Department
Dept. of Psychiatry (정신건강의학)
Issue Date
1991
Citation
Keimyung Medical Journal, Vol.10(1) : 100-106, 1991
Abstract
요 약 자폐장애아에서 뇌의 기질적 혹은 기능적 원인을 조사하기 위하여 DSM-III-R의 진단기준으로 자폐장애에 부합한 48명의 아동에서 뇌파검사를 실시하여 그 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1) 이상뇌파 소견은 29명(60.4%)에서 발견되었으며, 이상 정도는 경미한 이상 14명, 경도 이상 6명, 중등도 이상 9명이었다. 2) 이상뇌파의 양상은 spike or sharp wave 23명, slowing 5명, extreme spindling 1명이었다. 3) 이상뇌파의 부위는 frontal area 9명, frontocentral area 5명, central area 10명, parietal area 1명, right hemisphere 1명, both hemisphere 3명으로 나타났다. 4) 경련발작의 병력은 3명(6.3%)에서 있었고, 이들 모두가 이상뇌파소견을 보였다. 5) 이상뇌파 소견이 발견되는 환자군에서 '흥미의 제한' 증상의 빈도가 통계적으로 유의하게 많았다(p=0.0248)
The authors studied EEG findings in 48 autistic children meeting the criteria of DSM-Ⅲ-R. There were EEG abnormalities in 29(60.4%) of 48 autistic children, such as minimal abnormality in 14 cases(29.2%) mild abnormality in 6 cases(12.5%) and moderate abnormality in 9 cases(18.7%). In the feature of EEG abnormalities, spike or sharp wave were in 23 cases(47.9%), slowing in 5 cases(19.4%) and extreme spindling in 1 cases(2.1%). In the areas of EEG abnormalities, nine cases were on the frontal area, five cases on the frontocentral area, ten cases on the central area, one case on the parietal area, one case on the right hemisphere and three cases on the both hemisphere. Three(6.3%) cases of 48 autistic children had been history of seizure. Among the 16 symptoms of autistic disorder, "restricted interest" was more frequent(p=0.0248) in autistic children with EEG abnormalities than in autistic children without EEG abnormalities.
Keywords
Autistic disorderEEG
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/14675
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신건강의학)
2. Keimyung Medical Journal (계명의대 학술지) > 1991
Keimyung Author(s)
정철호; 박영남
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