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Photodynamic therapy suppresses tumor growth in an in vivo model of human hemangioma

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Author(s)
김상현
Alternative Author(s)
Kim, Sang Hyon
Issued Date
2014
Abstract
The authors investigated the efficacy of photodynamic therapy against infantile hemangioma using a hemangioma animal model. Eighty-three hemangioma specimens from five children were implanted into nude mice. The gross and volume changes of the implants were evaluated for up to 13 weeks. The histological change of the implant was evaluated at 5 weeks after transplantation. Photodynamic therapy was performed between 6 and 10 weeks after transplantation. The photosensitizer uptake of the implant was evaluated at 24 h after photosensitizer administration. The implant response was evaluated at 0, 12, and 24 h after light delivery. The change in ATF3 levels, a transcription factor induced under severe hypoxic conditions, was investigated immediately after treatment. The implant volume increased slowly during the first 4 weeks and then involuted. At 5 weeks after transplantation, plump endothelial cells formed tightly packed sinusoidal channels, and the endothelial cells were positive for CD31 and GLUT1 expression. At 24 h after photosensitizer administration, confocal analysis showed that the photosensitizer was present within CD31-positive cells. The implant volume was significantly decreased in the treated implants compared with the untreated implants (p < 0.0001). At 24 h after light delivery, most cells had collapsed. ATF3 expression increased gradually and then reached a maximum level at 4 h after treatment. Photodynamic therapy was effective in the treatment of infantile hemangioma. Apoptosis, a major mechanism of hemangioma destruction in the early phase, might be caused by ischemic injury as well as direct effects of photodynamic therapy..
Department
Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학)
Publisher
School of Medicine
Citation
Archives of Dermatological Research, Vol.306(1) : 81-91, 2014
Type
Article
ISSN
0340-3696
DOI
10.1007/s00403-013-1378-x
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/35084
Appears in Collections:
1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학)
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