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돼지모델에서 상처의 모양과 부위에 따른 상처수축의 특성

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Author(s)
김준형손대구한기환권선영
Alternative Author(s)
Kim, Jun HyungSon, Dae GuHan, Ki HwanKwon, Sun Young
Publication Year
2011
Abstract
The shape and location, the amount of the wound and the characteristics of the remaining tissues are known to influence wound contraction. The previous studies using small animals have not been an appropriate model because the wound healing mechanisms and skin structures are different from those of the human. The purpose of this study is to evaluate wound contraction according to the shape and location of the wound using a $Micropig^{(R)}$ 수식 이미지. Methods: Four $Micropigs^{(R)}$ 수식 이미지 (Medikinetics, Pyeongtaek, Korea) that were 10 months of age weighed 25 kg were used. Full thickness skin defects were made by clearing all the tissues above the fascial layer in the shape of square, a regular triangle and a circle of 9 $cm^2$ 수식 이미지 each on the back around the spine. Eight wounds were created on the back of each pig, 50 mm apart from each other. The randomly chosen wound shapes included 11 squares, 11 regular triangles, and 10 circles. Wound dressing was done every other day with polyurethane foam. The wound size was measured using a Visitrak $Digital^{(R)}$ 수식 이미지 (Smith & Nephew, Hull, UK) on every other day after surgery from day 2 to day 28. A biopsy was performed on day 3, and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks to investigate the degree of acute and chronic inflammation, the number of microvesssel and myofibroblast density using H & E stain and immunohistochemistry. The wound contraction rate was calculated to figure out the differences among each of the shapes and the locations. Results: The ultimate shape of the circle wound was oval, and that of the regular triangle and square were stellate. The maximum contraction rate was obtained on 8 to 10 days for all the shapes, which corresponds with the immunohistochemical finding that myofibroblast increases in the earlier 2 weeks whereas it decreases in the later 2 weeks. Epithelialization was seen in the wound margin on day 7 and afterwards. The final wound contraction rates were highest for the regular triangle shapes; however, there were no statistically significant differences. The wound contraction rates by locations showed statistically significant differences. The wound in the cephalic area presented more contractions than that of the wounds in the caudal area. Conclusion: The location of a wound is more important factor than the wound shape in wound contraction.


키워드
Alternative Title
Characteristics of Wound Contraction according to the Shape and Antomical Regions of the Wound in Porcine Model
Department
Dept. of Plastic Surgery (성형외과학)
Dept. of Pathology (병리학)
Publisher
School of Medicine
Citation
Archives of Plastic Surgery, Vol.38(5) : 576-584, 2011
Type
Article
ISSN
2234-6163
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/35098
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