Effects of Self-esteem Improvement Program on Self-esteem and Peer Attachment in Elementary School Children with Observed Problematic Behaviors

Kyung Min ParkHeeok Park
Dept. of Nursing (간호학); Research Institute for Nursing Science (간호과학연구소)
Issue Date
Asian Nursing Research, Vol.9(1) : 53-59, 2015
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a self-esteem improvement program on self-esteem and peer attachment in elementary school children with observed problematic behaviors. Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental study with a nonequivalent control group pretest-post-test design. A total of 47 fourth grade elementary school students participated in this study. The program was provided for 45 minutes once a week; a total of 12 sessions were completed with a group in the classroom for the experimental group. Child Problem-Behavior Screening Questionnaire was used to measure problematic behavior. Self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Questionnaire, and peer attachment was measured using the Inventory of Parent and Attachment. Measuring was performed right after the program was done (post 1) and 1 month after the program was finished (post 2). To compare the differences in self-esteem and peer attachment between groups, repeated measures analysis of variance was used. Results: Most participants in the experimental group were 10 years old (62.5%, range 10e11), male (52.0%) and with middle grade point average (64.0%). The self-esteem scores in the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group (F ¼ 26.64, p < .001). The peer attachment scores in the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group (F ¼ 6.48, p ¼ .014). Conclusions: The self-esteem improvement program in this study improved the self-esteem and peer attachment in elementary school children. The self-esteem program helped acknowledge the peer's name and increased their connections. The program needs to be considered as a formal and consistent program. Copyright © 2015, Korean Society of Nursing Science. Published by Elsevier. All rights reserved
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 2. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing(간호학)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 3. Research Institutues (연구소) > Research Institute for Nursing Science (간호과학연구소)
Keimyung Author(s)
박경민; 박희옥
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