Transcriptional repression of E2F gene by proteasome inhibitors
in human osteosarcoma cells
- 박종욱; 권택규
- Alternative Author(s)
- Park, Jong Wook; Kwon, Taeg Kyu
- Publication Year
- E2F family of transcription factors regulates the transcription of genes required for DNA synthesis. E2F is itself controlled by a series of transcriptional and post-transcriptional pathways. Here we provide evidence that proteasome inhibitor-mediated E2F1 gene down-regulation is regulated by transcriptional events. Using the proteasome-specific inhibitors, MG132 and lactacystin, we show that the p53, the cdk inhibitors p21 and p27, and cyclin A are degraded by the ubiquitin–proteasome pathway in human osteosarcoma cells. Interestingly, the expression levels of E2F1 and E2F2 are down-regulated by proteasome inhibitors. E2F promoter and RT-PCR assay clearly demonstrated that proteasome inhibitors could reduce E2F transcriptional activation. However, MG132-induced repression of E2F1 and E2F2 is not associated with ROS generation.
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