16S rRNA 유전자 염기서열 분석법으로 확진한 Staphylococcus lugdunensis에 의한 감염성 심내막염 1예

Other Titles
Native Valve Infective Endocarditis due to Staphylococcus lugdunensis Confirmed by 16S Ribosomal RNA Sequencing
Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학)
Infection and Chemotherapy, Vol.43(4) : 372-376, 2011
Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a Gram-positive, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CNS) species that is found as a skin commensal and has been implicated in fulminant invasive diseases such as infective endocarditis. S. lugudunensis infections resemble Staphylococcus aureus infections in terms of virulence, tissue destruction and clinical course. Although correct identification and determination of the susceptibility profile are important, some commercial systems may misidentify S. lugdunensis . We report a case of native valve infective endocarditis caused by S. lugdunensis , which was misidentified by the Vitek 2 system but identified correctly by 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing in a 72-year-old male patient. The patient had multiple vegetations on his mitral valve, and the largest one was found on the posterior mitral valve leaflet. It was 2.5 cm in size and hypermobile. Diffuse valvular abscess was also observed. He had persistent bacteremia for appoximately 8 days, which was resolved after immediate surgery and antibiotic therapy. When a patient with severe sepsis syndrome grows S. aureus or CNS other than S. lugdunensis on a commercial automatic culture system, the possibility of S. lugdunensis should be considered and further confirmatory testing such as 16S rRNA sequencing may be very useful.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학)
Keimyung Author(s)
류성열; 김현아
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