The involvement of K+ channels and the possible pathway of EDHF in the rabbit femoral artery

Seong Chun KwonWook Bum PyunGi Young ParkHee Kyung ChoiKwang Se PaikBok Soon Kang
Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학)
Issue Date
Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.40(4) : 331-338, 1999
Experiments were designed to characterize the cellular mechanisms of action of endothelium-derived vasodilator substances in the rabbit femoral artery. Acetylcholine (ACh, 10(-8)-10(-5) M) induced a concentration-dependent relaxation of isolated endothelium-intact arterial rings precontracted with norepinephrine (NE, 10(-6) M). The ACh-induced response was abolished by the removal of endothelium. NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NAME, 10(-4) M), an inhibitor of NO synthase, partially inhibited ACh-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation, whereas indomethacin (10(-5) M) showed no effect on ACh-induced relaxation. 25 mM KCl partially inhibited ACh-induced relaxation by shifting the concentration-response curve and abolished the response when combined with L-NAME and NE. In the presence of L-NAME, ACh-induced relaxation was unaffected by glibenclamide (10(-5) M) but significantly reduced by apamin (10(-6) M), and almost completely blocked by tetraethylammonium (TEA, 10(-3) M), iberiotoxin (10(-7) M) and 4-aminopyridine (4-AP, 5 x 10(-3) M). The cytochrome P450 inhibitors, 7-ethoxyresorufin (7-ER, 10(-5) M) and miconazole (10(-5) M) also significantly inhibited ACh-induced relaxation. Ouabain (10(-6) M), an inhibitor of Na+, K(+)-ATPase, or K(+)-free solution, also significantly inhibited ACh-induced relaxation. ACh-induced relaxation was not significantly inhibited by 18-alpha-glycyrrhetinic acid (18 alpha-GA, 10(-4) M). These results of this study indicate that ACh-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation of the rabbit femoral artery occurs via a mechanism that involves activation of Na+, K(+)-ATPase and/or activation of both the voltage-gated K+ channel (Kv) and the large-conductance, Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel (BKCa). The results further suggest that EDHF released by ACh may be a cytochrome P450 product.
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