Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학); Dept. of Radiology (영상의학)
대한재활의학회지, Vol.24(6) : 1142-1147, 2000
Objective: The aim of this study is to know the usefulness of ultrasonographic evaluation in
the musculoskeletal disease.
Method: Thirty-nine cases with musculoskeletal pain were evaluated by physical examination,
Cyriax selective tension technique, simple X-ray, electromyography, arthrography, Computed
tomography, Magnetic resonance image and the high-resolution realtime ultrasonography to
define the location of pain. The ultasonographic results were compared to other diagnostic
Results: The ultrasonographic findings are as follow; 22 tendinitis, 7 entrapment neuropathies,
6 bursitis, 2 ligament injuries, and 2 rotator cuff injuries. Clinical diagnosis were matched with
ultrasonographic findings in 30 cases out of 39. The most common ultrasonographic findings in
22 tendinitis cases were hypoechogenicity in affected tendon. Ultrasonographic findings in 7
entrapment neuropathies were 6 nerve swellings and 1 nerve flattening.
Conclusion: The ultrasonography can provide detailed images of musculoskeletal system,
including tendons, nerves and subcutaneous tissue. Therefore the ultrasonography is very useful
in diagnosis and treatment of some musculoskeletal diseases such as tendinitis and entrapment