임산부의 정맥혈전색전증 관련 지식과 인식 및 발생위험도

Other Titles
The Knowledge, Awareness and Risk of Occurrence of Venous Thromboembolism among Pregnant Women
Authors
김은숙
Issue Date
2018-08
Abstract
This study was conducted by descriptive research to identify the knowledge, awareness and risk of occurrence of venous thromboembolism among pregnant women. The data collection was made by constructive questionnaires targeting 106 pregnant women who are treated as inpatients and outpatients in M women health hospital located in D metropolitan city between February 19th, 2018 and March 22nd, 2018. The questions were composed of knowledge, awareness and risk of occurrence of venous thromboembolism. The data analysis was performed by frequences, percentages, means and standard deviations, t-test, One-way ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U test and kruskal-Wallis test by using SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. The mean score of the subjects' knowledge of venous thromboembolism was 4.47 (0-15), the mean score of the subjects' awareness of venous thromboembolism was 66.98 (25-100), and the mean score of the subjects' risk factor of venous thromboembolism was 0.98 (0-44). Though there was not statistically significant difference in knowledge and awareness with the scores of risk factor of the subjects, the level of knowledge and awareness about the prevention and risk factors on venous thromboembolism was significantly low and the subjects who have one or more risk factors of venous thromboembolism accounted for approximately two-thirds of the participants. Venous thromboembolism is a very dangerous and fatal disease to pregnant women so it is necessary to increase the level of knowledge and awareness about venous thromboembolism. In order to raise awareness of the risk symptoms and prevent the occurrence of the disease, it is essential for nurses and hospital medical staffs to provide pre and post-education program on venous thromembolism to the patients. It is also necessary to assess and monitor pregnant women who have a risk factor of venous thromboembolism and to implement proper prophylaxis to them.
본 연구는 임산부를 대상으로 정맥혈전색전증에 대한 지식과 인식 및 발생위험도를 파악하기 위해 시도된 서술적 조사연구이다. 본 연구의 자료수집기간은 2018년 2월 19일부터 3월 22일까지이며, D 광역시 소재 M 여성병원에서 진료를 받는 임산부 106명을 대상으로 구조화된 설문지를 통해 자료를 수집하였다. 설문지는 정맥혈전색전증 지식, 인식 및 발생위험도에 대한 문항으로 구성되었다. 수집된 자료의 통계처리로는 SPSS/WIN 22.0 program을 이용하였고, 빈도와 백분율, 평균과 표준편차, t-검정, One-way ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U test, kruskal-Wallis test를 사용하였다. 대상자의 정맥혈전색전증에 대한 지식 점수는 평균 4.47점(0-15점), 인식 점수는 평균 66.98점(25-100점), 발생위험도 점수는 0.98점(0-44점)이었다. 임산부의 정맥혈전색전증 발생위험도 점수에 따른 지식과 인식 간에는 유의한 차이를 보이지는 않았지만 위험증상과 예방에 관한 지식과 인식이 낮고 1개 이상의 알려진 발생위험인자를 가진 대상자가 전체 대상자의 2/3에 가까운 것으로 나타났다. 정맥혈전색전증은 임산부에게 매우 위험한 질환이며 임산부의 정맥혈전색전증에 대한 지식과 인식을 증진시킬 필요가 있고 위험증상과 예방을 위해 간호사 및 병원의료진에 의한 산전 및 산후 교육이 매우 필요하다. 또한 발생위험을 낮추기 위해서는 발생위험인자를 가진 임산부를 사전에 평가하여 주의 깊게 모니터링하고 적절한 예방책을 시행하는 것이 필수적이다.
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/41621
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3. Thesis (학위논문) > 2. College of Nursing (간호대학) > 석사
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http://www.dcollection.net/handler/kmu/000000117375
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