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사회성 증진 프로그램이 아동·청소년의 사회적 의사결정에 미치는 영향에 관한 예비연구

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Author(s)
Min-Seok KimSang-Soo SeoYang-Tae Kim
Publication Year
2020
Keyword
사회성 증진 프로그램사회적 의사결정최후통첩게임공정성
Abstract
Objectives:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a school-based social skills training program on the social decision-making of children and adolescents and to assess plan for effective school-based mental health services.

Methods:
It was performed school-based social skills training (n=46, 7 sessions) in elementary and middle school students. Evaluations were conducted before and after the application of the program using a ultimatum game and dictator game, in order to identify changes.

Results:
Before social skills training program (SSTP), the younger students showed higher acceptance rates of unfair offers than the older students in ultimatum game (UG) [at 9:1 offers 0.79±0.08>0.55±0.12 (p=0.001); at 8:2 offers 0.81±0.11>0.59±0.11 (p=0.001)]. the rejection rates of unfair offers in UG significantly increased after SSTP[at 9:1 offers 0.64±0.19→0.43±0.18 (p=0.001) ; at 8:2 offers 0.67±0.16→0.54±0.16 (p=0.046) ; at 7:3 offers 0.83± 0.20→0.65±0.12 (p=0.001)]. the rejection rates of unfair offers in UG significantly increased at happy and at neutral facial expression of proposers after SSTP[happy facial expression condition, at 9:1 offers 0.89±0.12→0.68±0.19 (p=0.001) ; at 8:2 offers 0.82±0.19→0.72±0.14 (p=0.001) ; at 7:3 offers 0.99±0.07→0.92±0.17 (p=0.040] [neutral facial expression condition, at 9:1 offers 0.71±0.20→0.54±0.13 (p=0.001) ; at 8:2 offers 0.61±0.18→0.52±0.06 (p=0.001) ; at 7:3 offers 0.91±0.13→0.83±0.12 (p=0.001)]. the amount of money offered as a proposer in dictator game significantly increased after SSTP [3989.1±1952.3→4742.5±371.1, (p=0.012)].

Conclusion:
The social skills training program positively influences the social decision-making. The school-based social skills training program can be expected to have positive results in school-based mental health services. Future investigation is needed to validate the long term effects of this program.
Alternative Title
The Influence of School-Based Social Skills Training Program on the Social Decision-Making of Children and Adolescents : A Preliminary Study
Department
Dept. of Psychiatry (정신건강의학)
Publisher
School of Medicine (의과대학)
Citation
생물치료정신의학, Vol.26(2) : 144-153, 2020
Type
Article
ISSN
1225 - 9454
URI
http://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/42789
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