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Economic burden of acute pesticide poisoning in South Korea

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Author(s)
Yeongchull ChoiYounhee KimYousun KoEun S. ChaJaeyoung KimWon J. Lee
Keimyung Author(s)
Kim, Jae Young
Department
Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학)
Journal Title
Tropical medicine & international health
Issued Date
2012
Volume
17
Issue
12
Keyword
agricultural chemicalscostpolicyregulationsocietal burden
Abstract
objectives To investigate the magnitude and characteristics of the economic burden resulting from
acute pesticide poisoning (APP) in South Korea.
methods The total costs of APP from a societal perspective were estimated by summing the direct
medical and non-medical costs together with the indirect costs. Direct medical costs for patients assigned
a disease code of pesticide poisoning were extracted from the Korean National Health Insurance
Reimbursement Data. Direct non-medical costs were estimated using the average transportation and
caregiving costs from the Korea Health Panel Survey. Indirect costs, incurred by pre-mature deaths and
work loss, were obtained using 2009 Life Tables for Korea and other relevant literature.
results In 2009, a total of 11 453 patients were treated for APP and 1311 died, corresponding to an
incidence of 23.1 per 100 000 population and a mortality rate of 2.6 per 100 000 population in South
Korea. The total costs of APP were estimated at approximately US$ 150 million, 0.3% of the costs
of total diseases. Costs due to pre-mature mortality accounted for 90.6% of the total costs, whereas
the contribution of direct medical costs was relatively small.
conclusion Costs from APP demonstrate a unique characteristic of a large proportion of the indirect
costs originating from pre-mature mortality. This finding suggests policy implications for restrictions on
lethal pesticides and safe storage to reduce fatality and cost due to APP.
keywords agricultural chemicals, cost, policy, regulation, societal burden
Keimyung Author(s)(Kor)
김재영
Publisher
School of Medicine
Citation
Yeongchull Choi et al. (2012). Economic burden of acute pesticide poisoning in South Korea. Tropical medicine & international health, 17(12), 1534–1543. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2012.03096.x
Type
Article
ISSN
1360-2276
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-3156.2012.03096.x
URI
https://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/34776
Appears in Collections:
1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학)
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