Interleukin-10 Differently Regulates Type I Collagen and Stromelysin-1 Promoter Activities in Dermal Fibroblast Cultures
- Affiliated Author(s)
- 류영욱; 이규석
- Alternative Author(s)
- Ryoo, Young Wook; Lee, Kyu Suk
- Journal Title
- Annals of Dermatology
- Issued Date
- Background: Interleukin-10(IL-10) was initially discovered and isolated on the basis of its ability to suppress cytokine by Thl helper T cell. Recently, the effect of IL-10 has been reported in cultured connective tissue cells. Objective: To further investigate the mechanisms of IL-10 on extracellular matrix(ECM) homeostasis, we evaluated the expression of type I collagen and stromelysin-1 at the transcriptional level and also observed their promoters activities. Methods: We examined that effect of the recombinant human IL-10 on the expression of genes involved in extracelluar matrix(ECM) synthesis and remodelimg in human dermal fibroblast cultures. Quantification of collagen synthesis, Northern blot analysis, transient transfection and a chloramphenicol acetyl transferase(CAT) assay were performed. Results: In studying the dose and time response effect of IL-10 on collagen synthesis, maximal reduction was seen at 1.0 ng/ml concentration and 24 hours incubation. The synthesis of type I collagen mRNA was downregulated, while stromelysin-1 gene expression was enhanced by IL-10. In the transient transfection and CAT assay, the type I collagen promoter/CAT reporter gene construct showed downregulation by IL-10, while the stromelysin-1 gene promoter activities were upregulated. Conclusion: It is suggested that IL-10 differently regulates the transcriptional levels of type I collagen and stromelysin-1 gene and denoting IL-10 seems to take part in the homeostasis of ECM at pretranscriptional level. (Ann Dermatol 10:(1) 6-12, 1998).
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