Pulmonary function decline in firefighters and non-firefighters in South Korea
- Affiliated Author(s)
- 이미영; 정인성
- Alternative Author(s)
- Lee, Mi Young; Chung, In Sung
- Journal Title
- Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
- Issued Date
- Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare changes to pulmonary function among
firefighters and non-firefighters who were exposed to harmful substances in their work environments.
Methods: Firefighters (n = 322) and non-firefighters (n = 107) in Daegu who received a pulmonary function test in
2008 and 2011 as well as a regular health examination were included. Repeated measures ANOVA was performed
to evaluate the pulmonary function of the two groups over the three-year period.
Results: After adjusting for age, height, body mass index, duration of exposure, physical activity, and smoking,
which were statistically different between the two groups and known risk factors of pulmonary function, the forced
expiratory volume in one s FEV1, forced vital capacity FVC, and FEV1/FVC% over the 3 year period were significantly
lower among firefighters compared with non-firefighters.
Conclusions: Evaluating the working environment of firefighters is difficult; however, our study revealed that
pulmonary function declined in firefighters. Thus, more effort should be made to prevent and manage respiratory
diseases early by preforming strict and consistent pulmonary function tests in firefighters.
Keywords: Pulmonary function test, Firefighters
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