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An Anatomical Study of the Saphenous Nerve, Artery, and Artery Perforators Within the Thigh Using Cadaveric Dissection

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Author(s)
San Ha LeeTae Hyun ChoiSuk Wha KimLianji XuChul-Ho SohnKi Hwan HanDae Gu SonJun Hyung KimJong Won Rhie
Keimyung Author(s)
Han, Ki HwanSon, Dae GuKim, Jun Hyung
Department
Dept. of Plastic Surgery (성형외과학)
Journal Title
Annals of Plastic Surgery
Issued Date
2011
Volume
67
Issue
4
Abstract
Although the saphenous flap has been used in reconstruction as a
free flap, there has not yet been an anatomic study about the perforators of
the saphenous artery. The aim of this study is to investigate the anatomy of
the saphenous artery and the number and locations of its perforators. We
dissected parts of 10 legs from 5 cadavers. Measurements of the positions of
the dissected saphenous arteries and their perforators were taken from the
medial epicondyle of the femur. We observed the origin, end point, and the
diameter of each of the arteries, and we investigated the numbers and
locations of both septocutaneous and musculocutaneous perforators. The
average length of saphenous artery was 14.8 cm, and it was located 12.0 cm
above the medial epicondyle of the femur. The average diameter was 1.63
mm. A median average of 4 perforators branched out from a single saphenous
artery. There was a median average of 2 septocutaneous perforators and
2 musculocutaneous perforators from the saphenous artery. The perforators
were mainly located at 7 cm proximal to the medial epicondyle of the femur.
The saphenous artery has many perforators and is therefore useful as the
pedicle of the perforator flap. The saphenous artery perforator flap can be
designed within 7 cm proximal to the medial epicondyle of the femur. Our
results may be helpful in the applications of the neurocutaneous flap using
the saphenous artery or the perforator flap based on septocutaneous perforators.
Key Words: saphenous artery, neurocutaneous flap, perforator flap
Keimyung Author(s)(Kor)
한기환
손대구
김준형
Publisher
School of Medicine
Citation
San Ha Lee et al. (2011). An Anatomical Study of the Saphenous Nerve, Artery, and Artery Perforators Within the Thigh Using Cadaveric Dissection. Annals of Plastic Surgery, 67(4), 413–415. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e31820bcd7b
Type
Article
ISSN
0148-7043
Source
http://insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=21407051
DOI
10.1097/SAP.0b013e31820bcd7b
URI
https://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/35018
Appears in Collections:
1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Plastic Surgery (성형외과학)
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