Innate immunity markers in culprit plaques of acute myocardial infarction or stable angina
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- Hwang, Il Seon
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- We analyzed the innate immunity markers, C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid P component (SAP) and pentraxin-3 (PTX-3), and metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in coronary atherectomy tissues obtained from patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (n = 27) or stable angina (n = 15). The relative areas immunopositive for CRP and SAP were similar in the two groups. In contrast, the proportion of areas immunopositive for PTX-3 and MMP-9 was higher in the STEMI group, compared to the stable angina group. PTX-3 or MMP-9-stained areas largely overlapped with those positive for CD68. We concluded that PTX-3 plays a role in the pathogenesis of STEMI.
Keywords: Coronary disease, pentraxins, plaque instability
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