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The Effects of Lidocaine, Fentanyl, Nicardipine, and Esmolol on Hemodynamic and Bispectral Index Responses during Induction with Thiopental Sodium

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Affiliated Author(s)
김애라장영호김진모배정인
Alternative Author(s)
Kim, Ae RaJang, Young HoKim, Jin MoBae, Jung In
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
ISSN
2005-6419
Issued Date
2007
Abstract
Background The laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation may accompany with undesirable side effects such as hypertension, tachycardia, arrhythmia, and awareness. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the correlation between the hemodynamics and bispectral index (BIS) changes after tracheal intubation following the administration of various adjuvants to attenuate tracheal response exists or not. Methods The patients were randomly assigned to one of five groups (control, lidocaine, fentanyl, nicardipine, or esmolol) and the drugs were administered at preselected time before tracheal intubation. The heart rate (HR), blood pressure, rate-pressure product (RPP), BIS and the episode of BIS more than 65 (BIS ≥ 65) were measured. Results There were significant differences in the mean arterial pressure and RPP between control group and other groups. The HR was the most attenuated in esmolol group. The HR and RPP was the most increased in nicardipine group except control group. There was no significant difference in the maximal BIS among the five groups. The BIS ≥ 65 were 50% in control group and 0.3% in nicardipine group. Conclusions All the adjuvant drugs in the study attenuated with a various degree of the tracheal responses. However, there was no correlation between the changes of hemodynamics and BIS after the administration of various adjuvants following tracheal intubation.
Department
Dept. of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine (마취통증의학)
Publisher
School of Medicine
Citation
Hyoung Yong Shin et al. (2007). The Effects of Lidocaine, Fentanyl, Nicardipine, and Esmolol on Hemodynamic and Bispectral Index Responses during Induction with Thiopental Sodium. Korean Journal of Anesthesiology, 53(3), S7-13.
Type
Article
ISSN
2005-6419
URI
https://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/38525
Appears in Collections:
1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine (마취통증의학)
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