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암과 신경퇴행성 질환의 관련성: 국민건강보험공단 맞춤형 DB를 이용한 후향적 코호트 연구

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Author(s)
Ji Hun KimYang Tae KimHo Jun LeeHee Cheol Kim
Keimyung Author(s)
Kim, Yang TaeLee, Ho JunKim, Hee Chul
Department
Dept. of Psychiatry (정신건강의학)
Journal Title
J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc
Issued Date
2021
Volume
60
Issue
4
Keyword
Cohort studiesNeurodegenerative diseasesAlzheimer's diseaseParkinson's diseaseCancer코호트 연구신경퇴행성 질환알츠하이머병파킨슨병
Abstract
Objectives:
According to previous studies, cancer risk has decreased among patients with neurodegenerative disease (ND). However, some types of cancer are positively associated with ND. ND and cancer share common mechanisms of genetic and molecular abnormalities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between cancer and ND by comparing the incidence of cancer in the ND and control groups.

Methods:
A population-based 10-year follow-up study was conducted using the Korean National Health Information Database for 2002–2015. The participants were 60-year-old or more, and they were divided into two groups, including ND (n=9324) and control (n=46683) groups. A multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to evaluate the hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval for determining cancer risk.

Results:
About one-third of patients in both groups were diagnosed with ND before the occurrence of cancer during the 10-year follow-up. Cancer was developed in a significantly higher percentage of patients with ND (22.0%) than in the control group (18.4%). Compared to the control group, patients with ND had about 1.5-times higher risk of developing cancer. In the ND group, the incidence of cancer was increased when another ND was diagnosed during the 10-year follow-up.

Conclusion:
Our results showed a positive association between ND and cancer. Thus, further replication study is needed to address the positive association between NDs and cancer, and it is also necessary to study the association between NDs and various types of cancer.
Alternative Title
The Association Between Cancer and Neurodegenerative Diseases: A Retrospective Cohort Study Using the National Health Insurance Service-National Health Information Database
Keimyung Author(s)(Kor)
김양태
이호준
김희철
Publisher
School of Medicine (의과대학)
Citation
Ji Hun Kim et al. (2021). 암과 신경퇴행성 질환의 관련성: 국민건강보험공단 맞춤형 DB를 이용한 후향적 코호트 연구. J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc, 60(4), 307–319. doi: 10.4306/jknpa.2021.60.4.307
Type
Article
ISSN
2289-0963
Source
https://jknpa.org/DOIx.php?id=10.4306/jknpa.2021.60.4.307
DOI
10.4306/jknpa.2021.60.4.307
URI
https://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/43890
Appears in Collections:
1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신건강의학)
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