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혈액투석 환자의 삶의 질 영향요인

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Affiliated Author(s)
임경희
Alternative Author(s)
Lim, Kyung Hee
Journal Title
기본간호학회지
ISSN
2287-1802
Issued Date
2023
Keyword
Quality of lifeRenal dialysisSocial supportType D personality
Abstract
Purpose:
The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting quality of life in hemodialysis patients.

Methods:
In this descriptive study, the subjects were 127 hemodialysis patients at four dialysis clinics in Pusan and Daegu metropolitan cities. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression analysis using SPSS/WIN version 26.0.

Results:
The average scores for social support, symptom experience, physical function, self-care compliance, and quality of life were 3.97±0.66, 38.50±27.94, 2.24±0.60, 3.43±0.49, and 3.02±0.57, respectively. Fifty-five (43.3%) subjects had a type D personality. Quality of life showed significant differences according to educational background (F=6.44, p<.001), job (t=2.52, p=.013), and type D personality (t=4.39, p<.001). Social support (r=.32, p<.001), physical function (r=.45, p<.001), self-care compliance (r=.24, p=.005), albumin (r=.09, p=.027), and phosphorous (r=.27, p=.002) were positively correlated with quality of life. Symptom experience (r=-.40, p<.001) was negatively correlated with quality of life. The factors affecting quality of life were social support (β=.31, p<.001), physical function (β=.30, p<.001), educational background (β=.20, p=.007), type D personality (β=-.19, p<.001), and symptom experience (β=-.18, p=.019), with a total explanatory power of approximately 43%.

Conclusion:
Quality of life in hemodialysis patients was affected by social support, physical function, educational background, type D personality, and symptom experience. These factors should be considered in nursing interventions to improve quality of life of hemodialysis patients.
Alternative Title
Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Hemodialysis Patients
Department
Dept. of Nursing (간호학)
Publisher
College of Nursing (간호대학)
Type
Article
ISSN
2287-1802
DOI
10.7739/jkafn.2023.30.1.1
URI
https://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/44814
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학)
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