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Clinical Significance of the Combination of Serum HE4 Levels, Hemoglobin-to-Red Cell Distribution Width Ratio, and CT Imaging for the Pretreatment Assessment of Adnexal Masses

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Author(s)
Tae-Kyu JangHeungyeol KimWankyu EoKi Hyung KimChul Min LeeMinyoung Kim
Keimyung Author(s)
Jang, Tae Kyu
Department
Dept. of Obstetrics & Gynecology (산부인과학)
Journal Title
J Cancer
Issued Date
2023
Volume
14
Issue
4
Keyword
Adnexal disease.Computed tomography, SpiralHE4 protein, HumansRed cell distribution width
Abstract
Background:
This study aimed to determine the optimal combination of biomarkers that can predict epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and compare the combination with the risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) or Copenhagen index (CPH-I).

Methods:
Data from 66 patients with EOC and 599 patients with benign ovarian masses who underwent definitive tissue diagnosis of adnexal masses between January 2017 and March 2021 were analyzed. The Mann-Whitney U test or Kruskal-Wallis test was used for between-group comparisons of medians. Logistic regression was used to establish an EOC predictor model. Area under the curve (AUC) comparisons between models were performed using the Delong nonparametric approach.

Results:
The median age of the patients was 43 years. Twenty-nine (43.9%) patients had early-stage disease (stages I-II) and 37 (56.1%) patients had advanced-stage disease (stages III-IV). The median age, body mass index, white blood cell count, hemoglobin-to-red cell distribution width ratio (HRR), platelet count, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, serum albumin level, cancer antigen 125, human epididymal secretory protein 4 (HE4), ROMA, and CPH-I were significantly different between the stage I-IV EOC and benign ovarian mass groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that HE4, HRR, and computed tomography (CT) imaging were significant predictors of both stages I-IV and I-II EOC. Using these covariates, an interim model (IM) (consisting of HE4 and HRR) and a full model (FM) (consisting of HE4, HRR, and CT imaging) were constructed. When predicting stage I-IV EOC, the AUC of IM was comparable to that of ROMA or CPH-I, whereas the AUC of FM outperformed ROMA or CPH-I. In predicting stage I-II EOC, the AUC of IM was comparable to that of CPH-I but higher than that of ROMA, and the AUC of FM outperformed ROMA or CPH-I.

Conclusion:
FM outperformed ROMA or CPH-I in predicting stage I-IV EOC and stage I-II EOC. Therefore, FM could be a promising model for improving preoperative prediction of EOC at an early stage. However, further prospective studies are required to validate these results.
Keimyung Author(s)(Kor)
장태규
Publisher
School of Medicine (의과대학)
Type
Article
ISSN
1837-9664
Source
https://www.jcancer.org/v14p0600.htm
DOI
10.7150/jca.81174
URI
https://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/44849
Appears in Collections:
1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Obstetrics & Gynecology (산부인과학)
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