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세대별 임상간호사의 간호조직문화, 간호근무환경 및 직무배태성 비교

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Issued Date
2023-02
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the comparison of nursing organization culture, nursing work environment and job embeddedness among clinical nurses by generations. This study was conducted from August 17, 2022 to August 23, 2022, and the data of 209 nurses working at a tertiary general hospital in D city were analyzed. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, χ²-test, ANCOVA, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficient using the SPSS version 29.0 statistical program. The results of this study were as follows. In terms of nursing organizational culture, Generation X scored 3.29 points in relation-oriented culture, 3.62 points in task-oriented culture, and 3.32 points in innovation-oriented culture out of 5 points, recognizing each culture more strongly than Generations Y and Z. Generation Y scored 3.84 on hierarchy-oriented culture, recognizing it more strongly than Generations X and Z. As for the nursing work environment, Generation X scored 2.62 out of 4 points, recognizing it more positively than Generation Y and Generation Z. Generation X perceives all sub-factors of the nursing work environment more positively than Generations Y and Z. Job embeddedness is 3.43 out of 5 for Generation X, which is higher than Generation Y and Generation Z. In conclusion, the nursing organizational culture, nursing work environment, and job embeddedness of Generation Y and Z were significantly lower than those of Generation X. Therefore, it is necessary to prepare a suitable and differentiated human resources management plan according to the generational difference.
본 연구는 세대별 임상간호사를 대상으로 간호조직문화, 간호근무환경 및 직무배태성을 비교하기 위한 서술적 조사연구이다. 본 연구는 2022년 8월 17일부터 2022년 8월 23일까지 수행되었고, D광역시 소재 상급종합병원에서 근무하는 간호사 209명의 자료가 분석되었다. 자료분석은 SPSS version 29.0 통계 프로그램을 이용하여 기술통계, χ²-test, ANCOVA, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient로 분석하였으며, 본 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 간호조직문화는 X세대가 5점 만점에 관계지향적 문화 3.29점, 업무지향적 문화 3.62점, 혁신지향적 문화 3.32점으로 Y세대와 Z세대보다 각 문화를 강하게 인식하고 있다. Y세대는 위계지향적 문화 3.84점으로 X세대와 Z세대보다 강하게 인식하고 있다. 간호근무환경은 X세대가 4점 만점에 2.62점으로 Y세대와 Z세대보다 긍정적으로 인식하고 있다. 간호근무환경의 모든 하위요인을 X세대가 Y세대와 Z세대보다 긍정적으로 인식하고 있다. 직무배태성은 X세대가 5점 만점에 3.43점으로 Y세대와 Z세대보다 높다. 결론적으로 Y세대와 Z세대의 간호조직문화, 간호근무환경 및 직무배태성이 X세대보다 유의하게 낮았다. 이에 세대별 차이에 따른 적합하고 차별화된 인력관리 방안을 마련하는 것이 필요하다.
Alternative Title
Comparison of Nursing Organization Culture, Nursing Work Environment and Job Embeddedness among Clinical Nurses by Generations
Awarded Date
2023-02
Degree
석사
Type
Thesis
URI
https://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/45158
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Nursing (간호대학) > 석사
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