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Entecavir versus tenofovir on the recurrence of hepatitis B-related HCC after liver transplantation: A multicenter observational study

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Author(s)
Deok-Gie KimYoungRok ChoiJinsoo RhuShin HwangYoung Kyoung YouDong-Sik KimYang Won NahBong-Wan KimJai Young ChoKoo Jeong KangJae Do YangDonglak ChoiDong Jin JooMyoung Soo KimJe Ho RyuJae Geun Lee
Keimyung Author(s)
Kang, Koo Jeong
Department
Dept. of Surgery (외과학)
Journal Title
Liver Transpl
Issued Date
2023
Volume
29
Issue
12
Abstract
Considerable controversy exists regarding the superiority of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) over entecavir (ETV) for reducing the risk of HCC. This study aimed to compare outcomes of ETV versus TDF after liver transplantation (LT) in patients with HBV-related HCC. We performed a multicenter observational study using data from the Korean Organ Transplantation Registry. A total of 845 patients who underwent LT for HBV-related HCC were divided into 2 groups according to oral nucleos(t)ide analogue used for HBV prophylaxis post-LT: ETV group (n = 393) and TDF group (n = 452). HCC recurrence and overall death were compared in naïve and propensity score (PS)-weighted populations, and the likelihood of these outcomes according to the use of ETV or TDF were analyzed with various Cox models. At 1, 3, and 5 years, the ETV and TDF groups had similar HCC recurrence-free survival (90.7%, 85.6%, and 84.1% vs. 90.9%, 84.6%, and 84.2%, respectively, p = 0.98) and overall survival (98.4%, 94.7%, and 93.5% vs. 99.3%, 95.8%, and 94.9%, respectively, p = 0.48). The propensity score-weighted population showed similar results. In Cox models involving covariates adjustment, propensity score-weighting, competing risk regression, and time-dependent covariates adjustment, both groups showed a similar risk of HCC recurrence and overall death. In subgroup analyses stratified according to HCC burden (Milan criteria, Up-to-7 criteria, French alpha-fetoprotein risk score), pretransplantation locoregional therapy, and salvage LT, neither ETV nor TDF was superior. In conclusion, ETV and TDF showed mutual noninferiority for HCC outcomes when used for HBV prophylaxis after LT.
Keimyung Author(s)(Kor)
강구정
Publisher
School of Medicine (의과대학)
Type
Article
ISSN
1527-6473
Source
https://journals.lww.com/lt/fulltext/2023/12000/entecavir_versus_tenofovir_on_the_recurrence_of.7.aspx
DOI
10.1097/LVT.0000000000000227
URI
https://kumel.medlib.dsmc.or.kr/handle/2015.oak/45277
Appears in Collections:
1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학)
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