Economic burden of acute pesticide poisoning in South Korea
- Yeongchull Choi; Younhee Kim; Yousun Ko; Eun S. Cha; Jaeyoung Kim; Won J. Lee
- Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학)
- Issue Date
- Tropical medicine & international health, Vol.17(12) : 1534-1543, 2012
- objectives To investigate the magnitude and characteristics of the economic burden resulting from
acute pesticide poisoning (APP) in South Korea.
methods The total costs of APP from a societal perspective were estimated by summing the direct
medical and non-medical costs together with the indirect costs. Direct medical costs for patients assigned
a disease code of pesticide poisoning were extracted from the Korean National Health Insurance
Reimbursement Data. Direct non-medical costs were estimated using the average transportation and
caregiving costs from the Korea Health Panel Survey. Indirect costs, incurred by pre-mature deaths and
work loss, were obtained using 2009 Life Tables for Korea and other relevant literature.
results In 2009, a total of 11 453 patients were treated for APP and 1311 died, corresponding to an
incidence of 23.1 per 100 000 population and a mortality rate of 2.6 per 100 000 population in South
Korea. The total costs of APP were estimated at approximately US$ 150 million, 0.3% of the costs
of total diseases. Costs due to pre-mature mortality accounted for 90.6% of the total costs, whereas
the contribution of direct medical costs was relatively small.
conclusion Costs from APP demonstrate a unique characteristic of a large proportion of the indirect
costs originating from pre-mature mortality. This ﬁnding suggests policy implications for restrictions on
lethal pesticides and safe storage to reduce fatality and cost due to APP.
keywords agricultural chemicals, cost, policy, regulation, societal burden
- agricultural chemicals; cost; policy; regulation; societal burden
- Appears in Collections:
- 1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. School of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학)
- Keimyung Author(s)
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